The “Well Kept” DIY Horse
The Yard Owner/Manager, the horse owner and the DIY yard.
Lingfield courses aim to provide mainly for the individual social / leisure horse owner. Many such owners however, have progressed to running their own small DIY (‘Do It Yourself’) — yard (block of stables). The small profit these owners earn from such ventures, aims to help to cover the cost of keep for their own horse.
A ‘yard’ is a widely used term used in UK to describe a block of stables and the immediately surrounding area. The DIY yard is therefore, a block/s of stables – usually adjacent to land for grazing the horses. Quite often the yard and land is rented from a land/property owner who has no involvement in the business. A livery on the other hand is the term used for the actual horse itself as well as the way it is kept. A ‘livery horse’ being kept/stabled at a ‘livery yard’ which is a DIY yard – rather than where the horse is managed by the owner /manageer of the yard is therefore looked after by the owner.
The DIY yard system offers individual stables (and grazing time in shared fields). Each stable is hired out on a monthly basis by the yard owner/manager to individual horse owners. If the yard is based on a farm, hay and straw may be available on the premises – some yards have fixed arrangements with the farmer. Generally each owner buys in their own feed and bedding from wherever they prefer and is provided with storage facilities at the yard. The owners care for all their horse’s needs 24/7 without assistance. There are pros and cons to the various arrangements available.
The clients (the owners of the livery horse) often have very limited knowledge of horse care so the yard owner or manager is sometimes called upon to assist and advise. Sadly for the horses, sometimes the yard owner has limited knowledge themselves. However, to someone like the horse owner, who has even less knowledge, that may not be apparent.
The aim of our courses therefore, is to provide both the horse owners and the yard owner with information on how to keep a horse should it be stabled for nearly 24 hours a day. Some courses cover equine first aid or rider confidence, schooling or equine behaviour – all of which come under management of the horse
You may ask – Why do some owners keep their horses stabled for so long? The leisure horse owning population in the UK is growing all the time (a sign that some segments of the population are doing well). The human population is also growing and along with that the cost of properties and land.
For many stable/yard owners, the land they own is quite limited in size (basically it is too small, or too small for the amount of horses). This means in Winter especially (when our rainfall is high and the ground gets soft and soggy), the land gets churned up by the horses feet if they are turned out all day. The grass roots are killed and that means less grass next Summer – so yard owners have no alternative but to restrict the turnout time.
Why are so many horses in UK kept at DIY yards? Although this is common in UK it is not the case in other countries. In UK however, it is the cheapest way to keep a horse and some prefer total control – which can be good – although it is sometimes detrimental to the horse’s welfare. Owning a horse is not cheap but few realise this prior to ownership.
These DIY owners often work full or part time, and /or have a family and do the horse themselves – sometimes with the occasional help of the yard owner or a friend. Winter can be difficult for these owners because the days are short. It gets light so late in the morning and dark so early (4pm or earlier in Scotland) which limits the working owners riding / exercise time and we have to remember that their horse may well be stabled most of the day owing to restricted land ownership.
Leisure horses in UK do of course compete, but it might be just once or twice a month mostly through the Summer at lower standards (what we call ‘local’) competitions. This would not be classed in any way as a ‘competition horse’. This local competing regime does not require much more energy than when riding out regularly – but new owners are not always aware of this & tend to overfeed energy foodstuff. Seed hay & energy feed would be fed to the horse attending regular, high standard competitions on a very regular basis with the aim of qualifying for top competitions.
In other countries – especially warmer climates the feeding of equines may be slightly different. UK has a huge equine industry now – with an enormous amount of international equine feed companies producing a huge variety of different feeds. In some countries the choice is limited and local feeds might be used rather than imported products.
WHAT TYPE OF ROUGHAGE: NIn UK our roughage/fibre feed is mainly hay and packaged new hay (haylage) unlike Tef and Lucern which are fed in hotter climes. The grasses in UK meadow hay are of mixed good and poorer varieties . Hay is the main bulk feed for horses in UK. It does not provide a great deal of energy, unlike seed hay and the other feeds we give in a bucket. This hay is the roughage, fibre and bulk required in large quantities by the horse on a daily basis. We rarely if ever feed ‘seed’ hay to the leisure horse. Seed hay is often a single variety hay e.g. Timothy). It is cut early before seeding so is full of energy – this is fed to ‘competition horses’. The average leisure horse can work on meadow hay/haylage alone.
WELL KEPT DIY HORSES: In recent decades we have seen a change in ownership and management of horses. It is commonly seen that owners with horses on ‘Do It Yourself’ yards are inadvertently feeding too much (both hard feed and roughage) all year round and – to compound this problem they over rug them in Winter. In polite terms, they keep their horses ‘too well’.
Result: Many horses are overweight owing to poor management. We now sadly have a national laminitis issue which is not seen in other EU countries or in countries further afield.
©Lingfield Correspondence 2018